fresh vegetable farming is the growing of fresh vegetables for human consumption. Families are growing fresh vegetables for their own consumption or sometimes to trade locally whatever excess they may have. At first manual labour was used but in time, livestock were domesticated, and the ground could be turned by the plough. This practice probably started in several parts of the world over thousand years ago. More recently, mechanization has revolutionized and now vegetable farming with nearly all processes being able to be performed by machine.

Specialist producers like the farmers grow the particular crops that do well in their local community. New methods such as aquaponics, Raised-bed gardening and cultivation under glass are used. Different kinds of distributions from the local farm to the consumers have prospered. Marketing can be done locally in farmers markets, traditional markets or pick-your-own operations, online delivery or farmers can contract their whole crops to wholesalers, canners or retailers.

As time went on, trade brought exotic crops from elsewhere to add to domestic types. Nowadays, most fresh vegetables are grown all over the world as climate permits. Crops and plants which grew locally would have been cultivated but new crops have been developed.

Primarily for consumption on the farm, with the excess sold in nearby towns, it was done in the soil in small rows or blocks. Later, farms on the edge of large communities could specialize in fresh vegetable production, with the short distance allowing the farmer to get his fresh produce to market while still fresh. Planting in long rows allows machinery to cultivate the fields, increasing efficiency and output.

A number of techniques to be used to optimize the growth of each type of fresh vegetable is required due to the diversity of fresh vegetable crops. Some farms grow a large variety while other farms specialize in one fresh vegetable. Due to the needs to market fresh vegetables while fresh, the development of ripening technologies and refrigeration has emerged.

Fresh Vegetable gardening has high labor demands, a new technique has emerged like raised bed gardening,which has increased yields from small plots of soil without the need for commercial, energy-intensive fertilizers. Modern hydroponic farming produces very high yields in greenhouses without using any soil.

Farms may grow large quantities of few fresh vegetables and sell them in bulk to major markets or middlemen, which requires large growing operations. Several economic models exist for fresh vegetable farms to produce for local customers, which requires a larger distribution effort.

Farms may produce a variety of fresh vegetables for sale through on-farm stalls, local farmers market u-pick operations. This is quite different from commodity farm products like wheat and maize which do not have the ripeness problems and are sold off in bulk to the local granary. Large cities often have a central produce market which handles fresh vegetables in a commodity-like manner and manages distribution to most supermarkets and restaurants.

Online selling of fresh vegetable produce has been very popular in the cities nowadays. It cuts off the troubles of going to the wet market to get their daily supplies but make the business prosper.